Urinary tract infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection which occurs in any part of your urinary system like kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. It’s a common disease, but women are at greater risk than are men. Initially, if infection is limited to the bladder may be painful and irritating. But serious consequences can occur if UTI reaches to the kidneys. Doctors prescribed Antibiotics for the treatment of the UTI.

The symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection:

  • Cloudy urine
  • A strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation during urination
  • Frequent and small amounts of urine
  • Colour (red, bright pink and wine red) sign of blood in the urine
  • Excess smell in urine
  • Pelvic pain, especially in

It typically occurs when bacteria enter into the urinary tract through the urethra and started multiplication in the bladder. Women’s are highly exposed to UTI because of their physical structure.

  • Cystitis (Infection of the bladder). This type of UTI generally caused by E. coli, a bacterium commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract. However, sometimes few other bacteria’s are responsible for it. It is basically occurs by sexual intercourse. Females are at high risk of cystitis because of their anatomy. The females have a short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the urinary bladder.
  • Urethritis: Infection of the urethra is known as urethritis. It is also a sexually transmitted infection. It can occur when bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra.

Urinary tract infections are common in females, and maximum females experience more than one infection during their lifespan. The main risk factors of UTIs in females are-

  • Female anatomy.Females have a shorter urethra than males; due to this the bacteria easily reach the bladder.
  • Sexual activity. Sexually active women have more risk of UTIs than women who aren’t sexually active. The New sexual partner may also increase your risk.
  • After menopause, a decline in circulating estrogen causes changes in the urinary tract that make you more vulnerable to infection.

Prevention and Control

  • Drink plenty of liquids.Drinking water helps to dilute your urine and ensures that you’ll urinate more frequently allowing bacteria to be flushed from your urinary tract before an infection can begin.
  • Drink cranberry juice.Although studies are not conclusive that cranberry juice prevents UTIs, it is likely not harmful.
  • Wipe from front to back.Doing so after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria in the anal region from spreading to the vagina and urethra.
  • Urinate after intercourse.It will reduce the risk of UTI.
  • Avoid potentially irritating feminine products.Avoid uses of deodorant sprays or other feminine products in the genital area.

 

 



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