Hormones are chemicals produced by glands in our body. The formation and secretion of the hormones are being done through the endocrine system. The glands release hormones to bloodstream and from bloodstream to the tissues and organs. The hormonal imbalance occurs due to disorder in hormonal glands. Different types of hormones are secreted by different gland and each hormone does specific work.
The Hormones are most important regulating elements in our body. They regulate a variety of physical processes. An Imbalance of these hormones can affect a wide range of physical functions.
- Metabolism and appetite
- Regulates heart rate
- Reproductive cycles and sexual function
- Manage Sleep cycles
- Physical growth and development
- Stress Management
- Maintain Body temperature
The common Symptoms of hormonal imbalance are: weight gain or weight loss, excessive sweating, sleeping disorder, sensitivity to cold and heat, dry skin, blood pressure issue, heart rate problem, bone weakness, anxiety, fatigue, depression, irritation, reduced sex drives, hair fall, infertility, blurred vision, puffy face, breast tenderness and deepening of the voice etc.
Causes of Hormonal Imbalance:
Basically a hormonal imbalance occurs due to the disorder in endocrine glands. Endocrine glands have specialized cells that produce, store, and release hormones into the bloodstream. Different types of endocrine glands are situated in the human body, Each gland secrets specific types of hormone to control different organs:
- Thyroid and parathyroid glands
- Pituitary gland
- Hypothalamus gland
- Adrenal glands
- Gonads (testis and ovaries)
- Pineal gland
- Pancreatic islets
Lifestyle and environmental conditions are also a reason of hormonal imbalance.
- Unhealthy diet and nutrition
- Uses Birth control medicines
- Pituitary gland tumors
- Cushing’s syndrome (high levels of the hormone cortisol)
- Addison’s disease (low levels of cortisol and aldosterone)
- Benign tumors and cysts (fluid-filled sacs) that affect the endocrine glands
- Endocrine gland injury
- Cancers in endocrine glands
- Iodine deficiency (goiters)
- Hereditary pancreatitis
- Turner syndrome (females with only one functioning X chromosome)
Hormonal change in females is a common phenomenon. Every women experience hormonal change in primarily during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.
The risk of hormonal imbalance is also higher in women incomparision to men’s due to above mentioned factors. The common problem in women due to hormonal imbalance is breast tenderness, vaginal dryness, uterine bleeding, weight gain, infertility, hair loss, clitoral enlargement, indigestion, skin dryness, bone loss and painful periods etc.
If feel symptoms of hormonal imbalance then visit to the doctor and performs the test and start the medicines prescribed by the doctor. Proper care is needed to avoid worst conditions. Apart from this the activities like exercise, use of a healthy meal, uses of food supplements and managing stress may also helpful to reduce the hormonal imbalance.